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Equity, Inclusion, and Opportunity: Addressing Success Gaps, White Paper

This white paper outlines factors in the general education setting that contribute to equitable success for all students. The paper addresses elements of equity, inclusion, and opportunity that can minimize or eliminate success gaps that exist among groups of students. Success gaps are those differences in a variety of educational factors and outcomes that affect the likelihood of success for some groups of students compared to their peers. Some key areas of success gaps include test scores, disciplinary actions, placement in special programs, graduation, and post-school outcomes. When a school or district shows success gaps, it means that it may not be serving all groups of students equally well. The white paper provides the research-based background that supported development of a complementary rubric that school or district teams can use to systematically examine the root causes of success gaps that may exist among groups of their students. The white paper has been updated recently and now includes include considerations for children as young as preschool.

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Companion Resources

These are resources that supplement the resource above.

This rubric allows a team of users from a school or district to systematically examine the root causes of success gaps among groups of students by focusing on equity, inclusion, and opportunity. The rubric has been updated recently and now includes considerations for children as young as preschool. A complementary white paper provided the research-based background that supported development of the rubric.

  • Resource Image:
    Equity, Inclusion, and Opportunity: Addressing Success Gaps, White Paper
  • Published:
    May 1, 2016
  • Authors:
    Nancy O'Hara, Tom Munk, Kristin Reedy, Cesar D'Agord
  • Organizations:
    IDEA Data Center
    Priority Teams Disproportionality
    Regional Resource Center Program
  • Format:
    Guides, Papers, and Reports
  • Version:
    3
  • Number of Pages:
    12 pages.
  • Topics:
    Disproportionality and Success Gaps, Part B, State Systemic Improvement Plan - SSIP
  • Indicators:
    B4 Suspension/Expulsion-Discipline, B9 Disproportionate Representation in Special Education, B10 Disproportionate Representation in Specific Disability Categories, B17 SSIP
  • Tags:
    Students with Disabilities, Adequate Yearly Progress - AYP, Assessment, Cultural Responsiveness, Differentiation, Disproportionate Representation, Expulsion, Focus Schools, Graduation Rate, Intervention, Race and Ethnicity, Significant Discrepancy, Subgroups, Suspension, Waivers, Preschool

For more information about this resource, contact your IDC state liaison.