EDFacts IDEA Discipline Data Infographic

Disciplinary actions can be applied to any student

Children with disabilities are a subgroup of the student population.
Mouse over the students in green to learn more.

Disciplinary removals for children with disabilities must be reported

Five types of disciplinary removals contribute to each student’s cumulative total. The cumulative length of disciplinary removals is the main factor in determining whether student discipline data needs to be reported.

In-School Suspension:

Instances in which a child is temporarily removed from his/her regular classroom(s) for disciplinary purposes but remains under the direct supervision of school personnel. Direct supervision means school personnel are physically in the same location as students under their supervision.

Out-of-school suspension:

Instances in which a child is temporarily removed from his/her regular school for disciplinary purposes to another setting (e.g., home, behavior center). This includes both removals in which no IEP services are provided because the removal is 10 days or less as well as removals in which the child continues to receive services according to his/her IEP.


An action taken by the LEA removing a child from his/her regular school for disciplinary purposes for the remainder of the school year or longer in accordance with LEA policy. Include removals resulting from violations of the Gun Free Schools Act that are modified to less than 365 days.

Removal to interim alternative educational setting:

An appropriate setting determined by the child’s IEP team in which the child is placed for no more than 45 school days. This setting enables the child to continue to receive educational services and participate in the general education curriculum (although in another setting) and to progress toward meeting the goals set out in the IEP. As appropriate, the setting includes a functional behavioral assessment and behavioral intervention services and modifications to address the behavior violation so that it does not recur.

Removal by hearing officer:

Those instances in which an impartial hearing officer orders the removal of children with disabilities from their current educational placement to an appropriate alternative educational setting for not more than 45 school days based on the hearing officer’s determination that maintaining the child’s current placement is substantially likely to result in injury to the child or others. The IEP team is responsible for determining the interim alternative educational setting.

Cumulative Length of Disciplinary Removals

If the cumulative total time a student is removed is greater than or equal to 0.5 days, the removal should be reported.*

Exclude parentally-placed private school students.

Children with removals and number of removals are reported in six EDFacts files

EDFacts files were setup to report these IDEA disciplinary removals. The graphic below helps illustrate how the six EDFacts discipline data files are interrelated. Click on the EDFacts file number buttons to get more information.

All School Children Ages 3 through 21

Children with
Disabilities Ages 3-21

One or more in-school or out of
school disciplinary removals?

One or more Suspensions/Expulsions?

Removed for drugs, weapons,
and/or serious bodily injury?

Children receiving Educational Services during Explusion?

*Diagram is not to scale.

Each EDFacts file collects specific information

Once you know how to identify types of disciplinary removals you can record the information accurately. Some of the files collect counts of students while other files collect counts of removals or lengths of removal. Click on any of the EDFacts buttons below for more detailed information about the purpose of the file and more guidance on reporting.

Data quality questions to consider

Consider the following questions before submitting your EDFacts files. IDEA Discipline EDFacts files must be submitted annually through the EDFacts Submission System (ESS) on or before the first Wednesday in November. Go to ed.gov/edfacts for more detail about file due dates.

Are counts reported only in the categories used by the state according to the information entered in the EMAPS IDEA State Supplemental Survey (SSS-IDEA)?
Are zeros reported in categories that are applicable to your state for which you took a count?
Are all CWDs that were removed to an IAES, suspended and/or expelled in school or out of school for a half day or more reported in file C088? Are all removals to IAES, suspensions and/or expulsions reported in file C143? Are all the disciplinary removals for the children reported in file C088 reported in file C143?
Do your category counts equal your subtotals and grand totals within each EDFacts file?

Using IDEA Discipline Data

1Federal and state required
public reporting
2Part B Annual Performance Report (APR)
Indicator 4 - Discipline measure of significant discrepancy
3Component in your state's determination regarding whether LEAs must reserve 15% of their IDEA federal allocations to implement Coordinated Early Intervening Services (CEIS) for at-risk students due to significant disproportionality